An account of the grandeur of ancient India as perceived by her foreign visitors from hoary times and their wonder at her rich philosophical efflorescence and material abundance. The foreigners Marvel at the deep spiritual convictions that allowed yogis and widows to ascend a burning Pyre without murmur; the social harmony of myriad tribes and castes; and above all, the common culture and love of justice permeating and binding all in seamless unity. Beginning with the Greeks and especially those who accompanied Alexander, these accounts comprise our first records into the social, moral, legal and economic life of the Indian people and the early development of the civilizational paradigm of dharma, artha, Kama and moksha. The rise of Christianity pushed Europe into a cocoon. Thereafter, Buddhist pilgrims from China traversed the land between the fourth and the eighth centuries, visiting the major monasteries and sites associated with the Buddha and left interesting memoirs behind. This uninhibited intellectual and spiritual exploration of India’s Sanskritic or Indic culture ended abruptly with the rise of Islam in Arabia in the seventh century and its outward thrust into Europe, North Africa, central Asia and the Indian sub-continent, where it fought to establish political and religious supremacy. Possibly the last Buddhist monk to take the land route to India was the Korean pilgrim hye ch’o, who arrived as the armies of Islam began cutting through central Asia….