When Alexander invaded India in 326 BCE and stayed in Taxila, he happened to meet
Hindu sages well versed in the true ancient Indian philosophy and the impact was truly
Vijayanagara Kingdom was the epitome of great Hindu culture and civilisation. IT was
the most militarized Hindu kingdom, but its geography defeated it as it was surrounded
by five Islamic sultanates, who joined hands and the result was indeed spine chilling.
There has been a mighty warrior in Assam, who defeated the powerful Mughals in 1671
by excellent use of the topography, wily diplomatic negotiations, military intelligence,
guerilla tactics and psychological warfare.
In its 3000 years old history, the jewel was never bought and sold. Whenever it changed
hands, it brought the worst in the man to the fore leaving gory mayhem, abject violence
and deep sadness in its train and brought havoc.
The Khilafat Movement was a pan-Islamist political protest campaign, launched by
Indian Muslims to restore the caliph of the Ottoman Caliphate. It later became a catalyst
in establishing the separate Muslim state which resulted in the death of approximately 10
lakh people and more than one crore people were displaced. Its reverberations are still
felt in India.