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Jammu & Kashmir: Dilemma of Accession

by   Radha Rajan (Author)  
by   Radha Rajan (Author)   (show less)
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This book authored by Radha Rajan analyses Prime Minister Pandit Ramchandra Kak's first-hand, Read more below in the Description...

More Information

ISBN 13 978-9350943465
Book Language English
Binding Hardcover
Publishing Year 2016
Edition Fifth
Publishers Voice of India  
Category Voice of India Books  
Weight 400.00 g
Dimension 14.00 x 2.00 x 22.00

Details

This book authored by Radha Rajan analyses Prime Minister Pandit Ramchandra Kak's first-hand narrative of the tragic events which shook Riyasat e Jammu wa Kashmir wa Ladakh wa Tibet ha or the Kingdom of Jammu, Kashmir, Ladakh and the Tibet in the critical years of 1946-47 when Pandit Ramchandra Kak was Prime Minister of the kingdom. Prime Minister Kak describes the role played by the Indian National Congress in the affairs of Jammu and Kashmir from 1938 onwards and explains why the Kingdom could not accede to India in 1946 when the offer to accede was first made and again in 1947 when the Prime Minister came under pressure from several quarters to accede to Pakistan and to India. In her analysis of the Pandit Ramchandra Kak document (RCK Paper), the author has cited V.P Menon's Integration of the Indian States and the Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi (CWMG) to present the complete picture of the course of events which led to Maharaja Hari Singh quitting Kashmir after being forced to transfer power to Sheikh Abdullah. Sheikh Abdullah of the Kashmir Valley was given full control of the entire Kingdom including Jammu and Ladakh. From that day till the present, the Sunni Muslims of the Kashmir Valley decide and determine the politics of the entire State. V.P Menon was both Constitutional Adviser to the Governor-General and Secretary, Ministry of States headed by Sardar Patel, and in these powerful positions Menon had an insider's view of all events rocking not only the Princely States including the Kingdom of Jammu and Kashmir but also in the Provinces. While V. P. Menon's book for reasons unknown does not touch upon the critically important details which culminated in the tragedy of absolute power and total control over the entire kingdom being transferred to Sheikh Abdullah, it nevertheless provides critical insights and information which supplement Prime Minister Kak's narrative; and read together, they provide all missing links in the official history of the tragedy. Pandit Kak's document is not available in India and while the original is with a family member, a copy of the original is housed in the India Office Library and Records, London. Voice of India Publications through Radha Rajan's book places this document for the first time since independence in the public domain in India.

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An Insider's First Hand Account !

The birth of this book itself starts with a mystery when one day the author Radha Rajan receives an anonymous post containing the private notes of Pandit Ramchandra Kak, ex-Prime Minister to Maharaja Hari Singhji of the princely state of Jammu & Kashmir. This book assumes a greater significance given the fact that the only other copy of the original notes are in a museum in London and no where else in India. Pandit Ramchandra Kak’s name has been tactfully hidden from the popular discourses of the tumultuous years of J&K-India. But he played a crucial and decisive role in state affairs (both internal & external) and checking the menace that was Sheikh Abdullah & his Muslim/National conference. Pandit Kak being the PM to the Maharaja had a direct say on the decision of accession too. And THIS MISSING LINK is the CRUX of this book where Pandit Kak narrates an INSIDER ACCOUNT of how things unfolded one after the other in J&K; most importantly the prevailing conditions in 1946 till accession in 1947. It finally puts to rest the question, why Maharaja Hari Singh & PM Pandit Kak decided to NOT accede to Pakistan and they COULD’T accede to India either. The book starts with an analysis on the notes of RCK by categorizing the notes in sections to answer many popular questions on the J&K dilemma. This is followed with an interesting analysis of ‘The Devil’ i.e. article 370 & 35A. The analysis on how this article can and can’t be scrapped, it’s entanglements with the Constitution leading to a guarantee of it existence, is simply mind blowing! This particular section of the book is WORTH RE-READING. The book ends with a clear photocopy of the original text of Pandit Kak’s notes. There is a brief on the personalities of Abdullah and the Maharaja; the epilogue of the notes shows the clarity of mind of RCK and the person that he was when he predicted the future of the country he had left behind. HIGHLY RECOMMENDED!
Review by - Ishani Ray Chaudhuri, November 23, 2021
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